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The easiest way to help ensure satisfactory mileage and performance from your tyres is to give them monthly 2 inspections for proper inflation, even tread wear, and damage.
1. Maintain proper inflation pressure in your tyres
Proper inflation pressure is necessary in giving you the best tyre performance, safety, and fuel economy. Remember to frequently (at least twice a month) check your tyres (when they are cool) with an accurate tyre pressure gauge.
2. Maintain inflation pressure at the recommended level
The recommended level can be found on the vehicle placard or in your vehicle’s owner’s manual. Maintaining proper inflation pressure is the single most important thing you can do to help your tyres last longer and stay durable.
Under inflation is the leading cause of irrepairable tyre damage and may result in severe cracking and subsequent air loss. It reduces load capacity, allows excessive sidewall flexing, and increases rolling resistance, resulting in heat and mechanical damage.
Over inflation increases stiffness that may cause an uncomfortable driving experience and generate unwanted vehicle vibration. It also increases the chances of impact damage.
3. Don’t spin your tyres excessively
Avoid excessive tyre spinning when your vehicle is stuck in snow, ice, mud or sand. This may cause tyre over-heating and irreparable damage. Use a gentle backward and forward rocking motion to free your vehicle.
4. Check your tyres for wear
Always remove tyres from service when they reach 1.6mm remaining in tread depth. All new tyres have tread wear indicators that appears as smooth banks in the tread grooves when they wear to 1.6mm level. Wet weather accidents may occur from skidding on bald or nearly bald tyres. Excessively worn tyres are also more likely to suffer punctures.
5. Check your tyres for damage
Frequent (at least once a month) inspection of your tyres for signs of damage and their general condition is important for safety. If you have any questions, have your tyre dealer inspect them. Impacts, penetrations, cracks, knots, bulges, or air loss always require tyre removal and expert inspection.
6. Proper Tyre repair
The repair is entirely the responsibility of the repairer and should be made in accordance with established Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA) Procedures. So always try and get in touch with an expert rather than getting it fixed roadside, as it may Damage the continuity of steel belts and can form Rust inside tyre.
7. Tyre pressure monitoring system alert
If the tyre pressure warning system activates on your vehicle’s Dashboard, Please get in touch with an expert to check the pressure in your vehicle’s tyres, it may be due to Puncture or leakage in your tyre.
8. Don’t attempt to mount your own tyres
Serious injury may result from explosion of tyre/rim assembly from improper mounting procedures. Remember to follow your tyre manufacturer’s instructions and match tyre diameter to rim diameter. Only specially trained persons should mount tyres. Don’t mix tyre of different sizes and types on the same axle, as it affects the grip and braking of car.
9. Up-sizing of tyres
When selecting tyres that are different from the original equipment size, see a professional installer to make sure that proper clearance, load-carrying capacity, and inflation pressure are selected. Never exceed the maximum load capacity and inflation pressure listed on the sidewall of the tyre. When replacing tyres, you must maintain the outside diameter and load-carrying capacity of the original equipment tyre. Inflation pressure may need to be adjusted to avoid overloading the tyre.
Consult the Tyre & Rim Association Load and Inflation Tables. You must make certain that the replacement tyres have a load-carrying capacity equal to or great than what the original equipment manufacturer specifies.
10. Maintain vehicle suspension & wheel alignment, & balance & rotate your tyres
Lack of rotation, worn suspension parts, under inflation, over inflation, wheel imbalance, and misalignment can cause vibration or irregular tyre wear. Rotate your tyres according to your vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations or at maximum intervals of 5000-7000 KM’s.
11. How to read a tyre D.O.T. serial number (manufacturing month and year)
D.O.T. stands for Department of Transportation. This number is located on the lower sidewall of each tyre, showing that the tyre meets or exceeds the Department of Transportation safety standards.
Understanding Tyre D.O.T. serial numbers
12-digit number: 2000’s production
11-digit number: 1990’s production
M6MJ EH0R 0921 ( For Example )
M6: Mfgr Plant Code
MJ: Government Size and Ply Code
EHOR: Manufacturer Construction Code
0921: Tyre Build Date (9th week of 2021)
12. Tyre Service Life
Tyres are built to provide thousands of mi./km of excellent service. For maximum benefit, tyres must be maintained properly to avoid tyre damage that may result in removal from service before the tread is worn down to minimum depth. It’s not practical to accurately predict the service life of any specific tyre in chronological time since service conditions vary widely.